The Prophet’s Companion

The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) praised the Companions and warned Muslims against attacking or insulting them. For example, Al-Bukhari, Muslim, and other traditionalists relate from Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri that Allah’ s Messenger warned

Do not curse my Companions! Do not curse my Companions! I swear by Him in Whose Hand my life is, that even if one among you had as much gold as Mount Uhud and spent it in the way of Allah, this would not be equal in reward to a handful spent by them or even to its half.

This is certainly so, because they accepted Islam and preached and protected it when circumstances were most severe. Besides, according to the rule “the cause is like the doer,” the reward gained by all Muslims until the Last Day has been, and will be, added to the record of the Companions, without, of course, diminishing anything from the reward of the doers themselves. Had it not been for the efforts of the Companions to spread Islam, to convey it to the peoples of the world, no one could possibly have known of Islam or, therefore, of being Muslim. So, all the Muslims coming after the Companions should feel indebted to the Companions and rather than thinking of criticizing them, should pray for them as the Qur’an teaches us to.

(As for those who came after them, they say, Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in belief, and put not into our hearts any rancor towards those who believe. Our Lord, surely You are the All-Gentle, the All-Compassionate) (Al-Hashr 59:10).

At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Hibban quoted ‘Abdullah ibn Mughaffal that Allah’s Messenger warned

Fear Allah; fear Allah and (Refrain from using bad language) about my Companions! (he said it twice) Do not make them the target of your attacks after me! Whoever loves them, loves them on account of his love of me; whoever hates them, hates them on account of his hatred of me. He who maligns them, has maligned me, and he who maligns me, has maligned Allah, and it is embedment that Allah punishes those who malign him.

As recorded in authentic books of tradition, including Al-Bukhari and Muslim, Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) declared

The best of people are those living in my time. Then come those who follow them, and then come those who follow them.

The time of the Companions and the two succeeding generations, was the time of truthfulness. People of great righteousness and scholars of utmost exactitude appeared among those first three generations of Islam. Among the later generations were many who told lies and perjured themselves in order to reinforce false beliefs or for worldly aims.

In his Hilyat al-Awliya’, Abu Nu`aym quotes ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar as saying

Whoever desires to follow a straight path, should follow the path of those who passed away. They are the Companions of Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). They are the best among his Ummah, the purest in heart, the deepest in knowledge, and the farthest from false display of piety. They are a community whom Allah chose for the company of His Prophet and the conveyance of His religion. Try to be like them in conduct and follow their way. I swear by Allah, the Lord of the Ka`bah, that they were on true guidance.

As recorded by At-Tabarani and Ibn Al-Athir, ‘Abdullah ibn Mas`ud, who was among the first to embrace Islam in Makkah and sent to Kufah as a teacher by ‘Umar, said

Allah looked at the hearts of His true servants and chose Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) to send to His creatures as a Messenger. Then, He looked at the hearts of people and chose Muhammad’s Companions as the helpers of His religion and the viziers of His Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).

Concerning the Companions, Ibn Mas`ud also said

You may excel the Companions in fasting, praying and in striving to worship Allah better. Yet they are better than you. For they give no heed to the world and are most desirous of the Hereafter.


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One Response to The Prophet’s Companion

  1. ruqaya says:

    The Companions of the prophet sallahllahu alihi wasallam) in addition to the belief and love of Allah (swt) and the Prophet (saw), they knew that they were to shoulder the heavy responsibility of living and spreading the deen of truth. From day one they had this very clear vision of accepting Islam – which would mean an entire way of life would have to be adopted, against all odds of the present society.

    The sense of responsibility that the sahabat felt in relation to one another is best described in the following hadith: Nu’man ibn Bashir reports that the Prophet (saw) said, “The example of the believers is like a person whose entire body grows restive if he suffers from an eye-pain or a headache” (Muslim).

    The Companions knew that in every situation at all odds, they would have to respond with an immediate obedience to the commands of Allah (swt). A prime example of such an action can be seen in the sahabi, Hanzala Al-Ghaseel. At the call to fight in the Battle of Uhud, Hanzala was just newly married, and he left his wife’s bed immediately. He did not even spare the time for ghusl, and he ran to Al-Jihad. On the Battlefield he found his way to the idolator leader, Abu Sufyan, and had almost killed him, when Allah wrote his martyrdom. Hanzala was killed by Shaddad bin Al-Aswad.

    The Sahabat took great responsibility in their learning; they did not recite the Quran for acquiring culture, information or knowledge, enjoyment, or to solve any problems. They recited the Quran only for finding out what Allah (swt) had ordained for their lives, both individually and collectively. At the most they would recite ten verses, memorize them and then act upon them. As they looked to the Quran as an instruction of action, they also achieved remarkable levels of spiritual fulfillment and of knowledge. Continuing on this path, responsibilities became innate; their personalities became live examples of faith (Qutb, 13-14).

    What other factor gave the companions the strength to withstand all of the tortures by the kuffar? Last but not least, the sahabat had the good tidings of success that would result if their efforts were consistent and sincere. Allah (swt) would give them the news of ease to come as a reward of their patience and perseverance. For example, to those who had migrated to Abyssinia, Allah revealed the following:

    “And as for those who emigrated for the cause of Allah, after suffering oppression, We will certainly give them goodly residence in this world, but indeed the reward of the Hereafter will be greater, if they but knew” (16:41)

    Allah (swt) would also bestow upon the believers the news of victory, even prior to the event itself. For example,

    “And, verily, Our Word has gone forth of old for Our slaves, – the Messengers, that they verily would be made triumphant. And that Our hosts, they verily would be the victors. So turn away (O Muhammad) from them for a while, and watch them and they shall see (the punishment)! Do they seek to hasten on Our torment? Then, when it descends into their courtyard (i.e. near to them), evil will be the morning for those who had been warned” (37: 171-177)

    Another example is that of prior to the Battle of Badr, Allah (swt) promised the Prophet (saw) either the caravan of goods, or the booty; it was as if the Prophet (saw) could see the enemy lying prostrate even prior to his preparation of his military. Additionally, Allah (swt) portrayed the enemy to be of smaller size to the Muslims so that their hearts would not become weak out of fear. Allah (swt) said:

    “Remember in thy dream Allah showed them to thee as few: if He had shown them to thee as many, ye would surely have been discouraged, and ye would surely have disputed in (your) decision: but Allah saved (you) for He knoweth well the (secrets) of (all) hearts” (8:43).

    The sahabat were continuously, at every stage of their encounters, given guidance by Allah (swt), Himself, and His Prophet (saw). Allah (swt) told the stories of prophets of the past so that they could take heed. For example, in the context of Yusuf (as)’s story, Allah (swt) said,

    “Verily, in Yusuf and his brethren there were Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) for those who ask” (12:7).

    Here, Allah (swt) is alluding to how the Makkans would face the similar future as the brothers of Yusuf (as). More specifically, they would plot, and fail, only later to have no choice but to surrender to the true leader (the Prophet (saw)). Additionally, the stories of the past were linked to them so that they would not feel that they were in this struggle alone. Allah (swt) would convey that what befell the people before them was similar to their own trials. Allah (swt) says,

    “And those who disbelieved, said to their Messengers: ‘Surely, we shall drive you out of our land, or you shall return to our religion!’ So their Lord inspired them: ‘Truly, We shall destroy the Zalimun (polytheists, disbelievers and wrong-doers). And indeed, We shall make you dwell in the land after them. This is for him who fears standing before Me (on the Day of Resurrection or fears My punishment) and also fears My threat” (14:13, 14).

    Allah (swt) would thus give strength to the believers so that they could extend their influence across the earth. The sahabat had such strong faith that Allah (swt) would make them the sovereigns of the land, that they would persevere and tolerate all kinds of tortures and humiliations.

    An example of a sahabi who asked for victory is as follows: Khabbab bin Al-Aratt asked the Prophet (saw) to make dua for him that Allah (swt) alleviate him from his sufferings. The Prophet (saw) became reddened and said that victory will only come to the true believer when he deserves it. The believer has to undergo all difficulties, fearing none but Allah (swt), until His deen is established. The establishment of the deen would truly take place, and one day peace would replace the hardship. But the believer has to stretch out this period with the highest degree of sabr. – It is this advice that the sahabat took to heart, and even died for.,,,, excerpt from


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