Respecting and obeying the parents

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) climbed up on the Minbar and then said: ‘Ameen, Ameen, Ameen.’ It was said: “O Messenger of Allah, why did you say Ameen?” He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Jibreel came to me and said: ‘O Muhammad, he is doomed who hears you mention and does not say, Peace upon you.’ He said, ‘Say, Ameen.’ So I said Ameen. Then he said: ‘He is doomed who sees the month of Ramadaan come and go, and he has not been forgiven.’ He said: ‘Say, Ameen.’ So, I said Ameen. Then he said: ‘He is doomed, who grows up and both his parents or one of them are still alive, and they do not cause him to enter Paradise.” He said: ‘Say, Ameen.” So I said Ameen.” [Tuhfat Al-Ahwadhi (5: 550)]

The importance of honoring and serving one’s parents is also known from the verses of Soorah Luqman, where Allah mentions the advice of Luqman to his son. He advices his son with kindness and good behavior to the parents next to Tawheed (worshiping Allah alone), he said as Allah mentions in the Qur’aan: “And (remember) when We took a covenant from the children of Israel, saying: ‘Worship none but Allah (Alone) and be dutiful and good to parents and to kindred, and to orphans and al-Masakin (the poor).” [Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 83]

Ibn Katheer (rahimahullah) commented on the meaning of this verse, “Allah has commanded the Children of Israel to worship Him Alone and shun associating anyone or anything in His worship. This He has commanded all His creation, as well, and this is why He created them. Verily, the highest and greatest right, is Allah’s Right that none except Him is worshipped. After that comes the rights of creation, especially and most important, right of parents. For instance, Allah said: “Give thanks to Me and to your parents.” [Soorah Luqman (31): 14] [Mukhtasar Tafseer Ibn Katheer (vol.1, p.30)]

In the Qur’aan, Allah usually mentions the rights of parents along with His Right and mentioning being dutiful to parents along with worshipping Allah Alone emphasizes the rights of parents and the significance of Birr (being dutiful) towards them. “And your Lord has decreed (commanded) that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents…” [Soorah al-Isra (17): 23]

Allah has also praised the Prophets, especially Prophet Yahya (John) (alaihi as-salaam) because he was kind to his parents in their old age. Surely, kindness in time of need is greater than at other times, and there is a great need that occurs and arises in old age and a tremendous weakness that it brings: “and (Prophet Yahya was) dutiful to his parents and he was neither arrogant nor disobedient (to Allah or to his parents).” [Soorah Maryam (19): 14]

Further, Allah praised Issa (alaihi as-salaam) because he was dedicated to serving his mother, as well as, being merciful to her. He mentioned this fact himself, when he said: “And dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblessed.” [Soorah Maryam (19): 32] So, being obedient and serving the parents is from the characteristics of the Prophets.

When children dedicate sufficient time to the service of their parents, obey them and fulfill their duty towards them, especially the mother, they will earn Allah’s Pleasure and enterParadise.

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About theCall

“Invite to the Way of thy Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching and argue with them in ways that are best and most gracious..”
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